[Jun 26th, 2015] – Arrival at QUBS (Students from Tongji)

[Jun 26th, 2015] – Arrival at QUBS (Students from Tongji)

[2015年7月26日] 到达女王大学生物基地(同济学生)

Blog Entry Written by Team: Tongji University

Team Members: Chang Liu, Yuewei Liu, Lanxue Qin, Jingyi Feng

Weather: Sunny

Today we said goodbye to Toronto and began our journey to Kingston to take part in the 14-day-field course.

During our journey, our tour guide recommend the Big Apple which is famous for its apple pie. We stopped and took a short break there. We saw the alpaca and sheep, tasted the delicious apple pie. At noon we detoured to the Lake Ontario. It was a wonderful place. Blue sky, clear water, golden beach, silver wave and so on, all of them make us appreciated the magical art of nature. None of us have ever seen the scenery in China. We were very excited. Most of us took off the shoes and socks and came into the water to feel the wonderful nature. We took a lot of photos to record this experience. After playing the water, few of us cloth was dry.

This year is the 10th anniversary of the field course. Glad to see it’s still running and even running stronger. The course started in 2005, when there were only a dozen or fifteen students and now it nearly reaches the maximum because anything bigger than this will be harder to run. We are the lucky ones to take part in. Drs. Wang and Lougheed give a warm welcome and Professor Lougheed gave us a brief introduction to QUBS and Elbow Lake Environmental Education Centre. QUBS properties include 9 lakes, frontage on 7 other lakes more than 20 kilometers off seashore, extensive frontage on the Rideau Canal, more than 34 square kilometers of mixed habitats streams, swamps, uplands, old fields, mature mixed second-growth forests, and home to many rare and endangered species.

As we can see, QUBS possesses high levels of biodiversity, a product of the admixture of habitats found on Frontenac Axis. Rich species attract our attention. 32 species of amphibians and reptiles, more than 200 bird species and more than 100 in which are breeding, more than 50 mammal species,30 species in Lake Ontario alone,185 tree shrub and vine species are concluded in QUBS. QUBS’ properties allow various kinds of research, especially long-term. In addition to natural niche, various laboratories are provided, such as Boathouse, Trilab, Lakeside lab, Brown Lab, Aquarium, Deslauriers labs. Under management of Steve Lougheed as Director, Shelley Arnott as Associate Director and so on, teaching and training activities like field courses, through the Ontario University Program in Field Biology (OUPFB) since late 1960s are all go well. Research on invasive species (i.e. Purple loosestrife (Latin: Lythrum salicaria), Zebra mussel (Latin: Dreissena polmorpha), Spiny waterflea (Latin: Bythotrephes longimanus)); effects of angling on fish, fish physiology, demography and ecology; mating systems in vertebrate (i.e. Bluegill (Latin: Lepomis macrochirus), Red-winged blackbird (Latin: Agelaius phoeniceus)); Bat-moth predator-prey relationships; Map turtle ecophysiology, behavior and conservation; climate change and call phenology.

Recent emphasis is on invasive species, biodiversity conservation, climate change, and long-term monitoring. Current projects may include online database just like GIS resources, real-time climate monitoring network, enriching research and teaching collaborations.

今日,我们挥手告别多伦多市,向金斯顿启程,正式开始我们在加拿大的14天野外课程。

在去往目的地的过程中,我们被一座标有“大苹果”的休息站所吸引,并中途停下做少许停留。经导游介绍,此休息站因苹果派而闻名。大家在这里品尝了美味的苹果派,并幸运地碰到了羊驼。及至中午,我们绕道金斯顿,到了安大略湖。安大略湖真是一个极好的地方!万里蓝天,清澈湖水,在高空漂浮的云朵和时而泛起的银色浪花的映衬下,显得格外纯净。视野远处没有尽头,湖水共蓝天一色,让人忘记自己是在湖边,仿佛更像在欣赏海景一样了,不禁让人浮想联翩,而对于这些从来没见到这种景色的我们来说,兴奋之余不禁感叹:这真是大自然魔法般的魅力!大家赤足奔往清凉的湖水,玩水嬉戏,拍照留念,尽情享受大自然的馈赠。一场玩闹下来,尽管大家被湖水弄得些许“狼狈”,但仍意犹未尽,流连忘返。

今年正好是中加野外课程的第十个年头,我们很高兴地看到它在持续不断的成长。此野外课开始于2005年,那时只有十几个学生参加;及至现在,学生数量已经达到可供高校管理的最大值,因此我们很幸运在这个时候加入,既能享受到优质的教学,又能结识到更多的小伙伴们。到达基地后,我们受到Dr.Wang 和Lougheed的热情欢迎。 Lougheed向我们简要介绍了女王大学生物基地和Elbow Lake 环境教育中心:女王大学生物基地内含9个湖泊,与7湖泊相邻(距离超过20公里)。此外,此生物基地还相邻于Rideau运河,在运河内,至少34平方公里的地区是混合的栖息地,有河流、沼泽、高地、废弃的农场、次生林,和许多稀有濒危物种的家园。

因此,我们可以知道,女王大学生物基地主要关注生物多样性,坐落于在芳堤娜中轴发现的众多栖息地的重合区上。我们不禁注意到这里及其广大的生物丰富度。这里共有32种两栖动物和爬行动物,至少有200种鸟类(其中100多种在此繁殖)以及50种哺乳动物。在这么多的物种中,有30种是安大略湖独有,185种灌木和藤蔓也在此处汇集。正是由于这些特点,许多类型的研究得以在这里进行,特别是是长期的研究。这里除了天然环境之外,还有许多实验室,如Boathouse、Trilab、Lakeside lab、Brown Lab、Aquarium以及Deslauris labs。如今,由Steve Lougheed教授担任主任、Shelley Arnott担任助理主任的教学训练活动(如野外课程、60年代后期始兴的OUPEB项目)在他们的管理下一直在有声有色地进行着。如今,在此地的主要研究有:入侵物种(有千屈菜(拉丁文:Lythrum salicaria)、沙筛贝(拉丁文:Dreissena polmorpha)、长柱尾突(拉丁文:Bythotrephes longimanus));钓鱼的影响、鱼的生理机能、数量和生态;脊椎动物的交配系统(如蓝鳃太阳鱼(拉丁文:Lepomis macrochirus)、红翼乌鸦(拉丁文:Agelaius phoeniceus));蝙蝠与蛾的捕食关系;地图龟的生态生理学,行为以及保护;气候变化和物候学等。

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